|Pung Cholom Dance
Pung Cholom is also known as Mrindanga Kirtan or Dhumal or Dram dance. This dance is performed with a drum, Mrindanga.
This dance performed by only males either as integral parts of Nata Sankirtan or independently in front of social gathering.
When it is a part of Nata, two players participate in its performance, but as an independent dance performance at least
14 players follow the sequence of Nata Sankirtan. In this series with more than 40 complicated talas and sanchars that represents
particular compositions of rhythms are presented.
The general rules that are organized for its performance make it a distinct type. These are related with religious festivals
of the Hindus. The number of players may increase at times up to 100. The performance is full of various types of body movements
that are executed with great artistic skills and excitement. Sometimes, Mrindanda creates the sounds of thunder, voice of
birds and animals. The movements at initial stage are soft, but later on become momentous and vigorous. This adds in its characteristics.
The performers wear a special type of turban, which they drop by their flicking of heads and with their movements. These turban
mostly of light coloured.
This art form is full of stylish movements and ritualistic in nature. Lot of practice is required before the actual performance
is done. It is advised that right from the teenage one must start working in this direction. The aspirant candidates must
engage his worship for decades before he can claim for recognition.
In short, Pung Cholom is folk art form with a combination of sound and movement. The movements sometimes demands acrobatics
abilities & stamina. The dancers themselves play the Mridanga (Pung) while executing the performance in front of the audience.
It contains a modulation in sound used while addressing that ranges from soft whisper to a thunderous climax. There is a wonderful
blending of the interplay of intricate rhythms and cross rhythms used with varying time from the slow to the quick. The whole
performance is characterized with graceful and vigorous body movements that lead to make it a unique.
|Khamba Thaibi Dance
Khamba Thaibi Dance:
Khamba Thaibi dance is widely performed in Manipur. It is a popular art form. Generally, it is performed either as part
of Laihaoraoba or as an independent performance. For performing this dance, man candidates pick up their partners at dance
arena. Girls become ready with colorful dress-up with flowers in their hands.
Khamba Thaibi dance is a duet performance describing the story of a poor and brave lad of the Khuman Clan of Khamba. The
boy fell in love with a girl, Thaibi. She was a princess of Moirang. Both keenly love each other. They succeeded in forming
a love affair. But for that, many heroic deeds on the part of Khamba were done and the troubles were taken by Thaibi. The
King, the father of Thaibi did every possible to defy her will. They performed a dance in front of the god Thangjing, after
which they came to known as the incarnation of Shiva and Parvati. This was perhaps a best complement for a couple, such belief
rooted in mind of people through this dance.
Khamba Thaibi dance, a duet of male and female partners to show a dedication to the sylvan deity known as Thangjing of
Moirang. It is a form of the dance that depicts a performance by Khamba and Thaibi, the hero and heroine of the Moirang episode.
This dance with the "Maibi" also termed as Priestess dance & the "Leima Jagoi" etc. form the "Laiharaoba"
dance, Popular as festival dance.
The "Laiharaoba" dance is treated as an excellent example of the modern Manipuri dance form. This dance is a
part and parcel of Moirang Lai-Haraoba.This dance was performed before the Lord Thangjing, which was a celebrated deity of
Moirang. The village is in the Southwest of Manipur & rich in its rich cultural traditions, for peace and prosperity.
This is a ceremonial dance.
|Rasa Leela Dance
The Rasa Leela is the famous dance of Manipuri culture invoking deep feelings of people. The dance illustrates an eternal
love of Radha and Krishna as been described in the Hindu scriptures & puranas. Also reveals the sublime love of Lord Krishna
and Radha including the devotion of Gopies towards the Lord.
In its actual meaning, Manipuri Rasa Leela specially depicts the connection of the individual soul with the spirit of
the Supreme Being, if true faith is developed. The Gopikas represent individual souls confined to mundane responsibilities.
The Godhead, represents by lord Krishna, is projected through the call of his enchanting flute.
With an eternal bond of love, they sneak out of their existence of human body but get united with each other with the
soul. Therefore, it is a representation of projection of an interconnection of the human souls with the Supreme Being. In
actual dance performance, the eye catching stylish movements and graceful gestures can be seen. During performance, these
movements are controlled very much, that it acquires a touch of spiritual force.
Many steps or dancing style differs according to place but central theme & graphic precision for dance remain same.
That is derived from local rituals that are believed to influence the well being of the locality of performance. These are
among the rare art forms of India.
It is said that there are five different form of Manipur Rasa Leela, such as:
(i) Maha Rasa performed during kartik Purnima celebrated in the month of October (ii) Kunja Rasa performed during Ashvin
Purnima celebrated in the month of December (iii) Basanta Rasa performed during Chaitena Purnima celebrated in the month of
March (iv) Diva Rasa, which is performed during daytime (v) Nitya Rasa performed without any restriction of time, as to the
season of the year.
The performance of Rasa Leela is carried out in an enclosure in front of the temple called as Nat mandapa & the performance
lasts for the whole night. Viewers see it with a deep sense of devotion. Rasa performances are seasonal and varied. Some are
even performed at the temple of Shree Govindajee in Imphal at night on occasion of Basanta Purnima, Sarada Purnima and Kartik
Purnima and at local temples afterwards.
The composition of dance is a combination of solo, duet and group performance depending upon time of performance. This
is highly stylized form of dance with the richness of the costumes similarly gives luster to the beauty of the art & culture.
Maibi Dance is performed during the celebration of festival Lai-Haraoba.This is an annual ritual festival of the Meitei
Manipuris living in the valley of Manipur. The Maibis are the priestesses considered as spiritual mediums as per the local
people. This feeling can be traced through their dances & the whole concept of cosmogony of the Meitei people and their
way of life get described.
At the beginning of dance, description about the process of creation is given. Through which they show the construction
of houses & temples and various occupations of the people adopted to sustain them with time. In short, it is a kind of
re-living of the way of life lived the past.
The Maibi people perform such items on ceremonies for the God or on festivals at the bank of a river. Summoning Gods spirit
in an earthen pot tied with nine threads and seven threads for God and Goddesses, dance begins. At a time of dance, the Maibis
hold the leaves of sacred plant called Langthrei between fingers.