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Folk Dances of India

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Folk Dances of Jammu & Kashmir

Kud Dance

The Kud dance is one of the hiilly region dances from Jammu, exhibits swaying & sinuous movements. Kud is basically a ritual dance performed in honor of Lok Devatas. This is a kind of thanks-giving ritual based dance performed mostly during nights. As characteristics of all folk dances, spontaneity is also a feature of this dance. People of all ages and sexes participate in this folk dance form, which is accompanied by musical instruments used during the dance like Narshingha, chhaina, flute and drums. It is the rhythm of music that directs the movement of all participants.

It is a typical community dance, performed in the middle mountain ranges of the Jammu region. During the rainy seasons the dance is performed. When the maize is harvested, the villagers gather & come down from the nearby hills in the vicinity of the local deity-the Gramdevta temple. Their feeling behind these rituals is to express their gratitude for protecting their crops, cattle and children from natural calamities. So, mostly who participate in dance are farmers. Men, women and children, attired in their best, gather around a bonfire for the nightlong festivities.

Sometimes, this dance continues for the whole night. Total Number of participants dancing ranges from 20 to 30 members. Jammu has rich heritage of forms of folk dance and music, which are performed during ceremonies and social functions. `Kud` is also such a dance form performed to please gods during nightlong soirees.

Dumhal Dance

Dumhal Dance:
Dumhal Dance The famous folk dance of the Kashmiri people is called as Dumhal. Generally, this dance is performed with wearing long colourful robes, tall conical caps. Their caps or costumes are studded with beads and shells. Only the men folk of the Wattal are privileged to perform this dance on specific occasions.

With dancing, the performers sing beautiful songs in chorus. Drums are used to assist the music in the dance. The vocal singing of the participants is tuned with music. The group of performers moves in a ritual manner and dig a banner into the ground on set occasions. Usually, the dance begins with men dancing around this banner. Dumhal is performed on set occasions and at set locations.

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